Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 24.08.2016
The five Health Evidence Network (HEN) synthesis reports published last year – on subjects including health information systems, migrant health, and cancer and cardiovascular disease – are now indexed in the United States’ National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Bookshelf, which houses a number of authoritative scientific and medical resources. These reports are now discoverable via PubMed, a free search engine that primarily accesses the MEDLINE database of references and abstracts. Stakeholders have also signed an agreement to include future HEN reports in Bookshelf.
HEN publishes reports for public health decision-makers under the umbrella of the European Health Information Initiative, a multipartner network coordinating health information activities in the WHO European Region. The reports support public health decision-making processes by summarizing the best available evidence and proposing policy options for further consideration. They are peer reviewed and often produced collaboratively. HEN published its first report in 2003, and will soon add its 50th issue to the series.
Извор: WUNRN – 17.08.2016
August 16, 2016 - In 2015, over one million migrants reached European shores after long, complicated and risky journeys. Iraqis represented the third largest group of migrants, with nearly 85,000 arriving to Greece by sea in the second half of 2015 alone.
IOM Iraq, as part of the larger IOM response to this unprecedented crisis, conducted research funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) to explore the trends and causes of Iraqi migration to Europe.
The report, “Migration Flows from Iraq to Europe: Reasons Behind Migration” consists of a qualitative research carried out through focus groups discussions with returnees from Europe who were willing to share their experience.
Извор: WUNRN – 10.08.2016
This document is expected to provide the linkages between the sexual and reproductive health and rights agenda within the framework of the sustainable development process. At the same time, this is also meant to help advocates to identify opportunities to further promote the inclusion of SRHR in legal and programmatic frameworks at the local, national, and regional levels. In every section of the document, the points of entry for concrete action at different levels are highlighted to help the involvement of advocates in accordance with their interest and experience.
Извор: WUNRN – 10.08.2016
Efforts to end female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) are a rising priority on many national and global agendas. Thus it is imperative to have a clear understanding of the scale and scope of the practice, and
where it occurs, as well as the dynamics of change and the broader context surrounding it. This state-of-the-art synthesis offers a snapshot of the most recent data available as of July 2016 and the most relevant
contextual information on key FGM/C issues in clear, non-technical language that can help inform policymakers,donors, programme planners, and other key stakeholders.
Извор: ASTRA Network – 22.08.2016
Table of contents:
Member Profile - this month features CESI from Croatia
Call to Action
Извор: WUNRN – 08.08.2016
A young girl carries a baby as she makes her way next to tents at a makeshift camp for refugees and migrants at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece, May 19, 2016. REUTERS/Kostas Tsironis
Spike in Numbers of Migrant Children Arriving Alone in Europe Raises Exploitation Risks - Girls
Children rely on smugglers, making them prone to exploitation, rape, forced labour, beatings and death: UNICEF
By Magdalena Mis | | Thomson Reuters Foundation
LONDON, June 14, 2016 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - More than nine out of ten refugee and migrant children arriving in Europe through Italy this year are travelling alone, the U.N. children's agency UNICEF said on Tuesday, warning of "appalling" risks children face while escaping conflict and poverty.
Unmet Need for Contraception in Developing Countries: Examining Women’s Reasons for Not Using a Method
Извор: WUNRN – 01.08.2016
Demographic and Health Surveys in 52 countries between 2005 and 2014 reveal the most common reasons that married women cite for not using contraception despite wanting to avoid a pregnancy. Twenty-six percent of these women cite concerns about contraceptive side effects and health risks; 24% say that they have sex infrequently or not at all; 23% say that they or others close to them oppose contraception; and 20% report that they are breast-feeding and/or haven’t resumed menstruation after a birth.
In the majority of countries, married women who cite concerns about contraceptive side effects and health risks are more likely to have used a method in the past than are women who cite other reasons for nonuse.
Married women who cite infrequent sex as a reason for nonuse are less likely to have had sexual intercourse in the three months preceding the survey than peers who cite other reasons for nonuse.
Извор: WUNRN – 31.07.2016
Sumi Madhi a volunteer on child feeding, nutrition and care interacts with mothers in Kudada, India. Photo: UNICEF/Prashanth Vishwanathan
World Breastfeeding Week – August 1-7, 2016
Breastfeeding: A key to Sustainable Development
Breastfeeding Starting within One Hour of Birth Provides Baby’s ‘First Vaccine,’ Can Save Baby Lives - UNICEF
29 July 2016 – The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warned today that some 77 million of the world’s newborns – or 1 in 2 – are not breastfed within the first hour of birth, depriving them of essential nutrients and antibodies and thus exposing them to an increased risk of death.
World Humanitarian Day: Recognizing our shared humanity and ensuring health for the Region’s most vulnerable
Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 19.08.2016
WHO/ Malin Bring
Children playing at migrant centre in Sweden.
A record 130 million people around the world are dependent on humanitarian assistance to survive. Many have been forced to flee their homes and countries due to conflict and war, and have sought to build a new life elsewhere. More than 1 million refugees and migrants arrived in the WHO European Region in 2015 alone, and over 265 000 new arrivals have come by sea as of mid-August this year.
World Humanitarian Day provides an annual reminder of the need to act on behalf of the most vulnerable people in our societies and across the globe. It also offers an opportunity to recognize and honour the humanitarian aid workers and volunteers who often risk their own lives to help those in need.
Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 16.08.2016
Counting and reviewing every birth and death is key to preventing future tragedies
16 AUGUST 2016 | GENEVA - The day of birth is potentially the most dangerous time for mothers and babies. Every year, worldwide, 303 000 women die during pregnancy and childbirth, 2.7 million babies die during the first 28 days of life and 2.6 million babies are stillborn.
Most stillbirths and neonatal deaths are preventable with quality health care during pregnancy and childbirth. Nearly all babies who are stillborn and half of all newborn deaths are not recorded in a birth or death certificate, and thus have never been registered, reported or investigated by the health system. As a result, countries often do not know the numbers of deaths or the causes of these deaths and thus are unable to take the effective and timely actions to prevent others babies and mothers from dying.
Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 15.08.2016
Delegates met on 21–22 July 2016 to discuss how to keep Europe malaria-free.
Countries in the WHO European Region at risk of malaria reintroduction – the same countries that signed the Tashkent Declaration in 2005 – have reaffirmed their commitment to keep the Region malaria-free.
The European Region is the first in the world to have interrupted indigenous malaria transmission. The number of cases dropped from 90 712 in 1995 to zero cases in 2015.
On 21–22 July 2016, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan met in Ashgabat at the first high-level consultation on the prevention of malaria reintroduction.
"In Her Shoes" Program to Give Women & Men Awareness of Personal Realities with Violence Against Women
Извор: WUNRN – 25.07.2016
Also Via SVRI – Sexual Violence Research Initiative
In Her Shoes is an interactive group activity designed to give women and men the opportunity to walk “in the shoes” of women and girls experiencing various forms of violence. It is often an emotional and personal exercise that goes beyond traditional awareness raising to provide a direct experience of the realities that women and girls regularly face—in particular, the stigma and discrimination they commonly encounter when seeking support.
An In Her Shoes session typically lasts three hours, during which time the group moves through a series of ten fictional yet realistic stories, each portraying a woman or girl experiencing a different form of violence including: intimate partner violence, sexual violence (including sexual violence in conflict), violence against vulnerable groups (e.g., sexual minorities, women living with disabilities, sex workers, women living with HIV and AIDs, etc.), economic violence, early marriage, and female genital mutilation.