2018 Freedom in the World Report: Democracy in Crisis - Gender

Извор: WUNRN – 13.04.2018

2018 Freedom in the World Report: Democracy in Crisis - Gender

Freedom in the World 2018

Democracy in Crisis

By Michael J. Abramowitz, President-Freedom House

Political rights and civil liberties around the world deteriorated to their lowest point in more than a decade in 2017, extending a period characterized by emboldened autocrats, beleaguered democracies, and the United States’ withdrawal from its leadership role in the global struggle for human freedom.

Democracy is in crisis. The values it embodies—particularly the right to choose leaders in free and fair elections, freedom of the press, and the rule of law—are under assault and in retreat globally.

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Women & Poverty - Challenges to Have Gender Specific Data on Poverty - Research

Извор: WUNRN – 12.04.2018

Cycle: Global

ABSTRACT - This paper uses household surveys from 89 countries to look at gender differences in poverty in the developing world. In the absence of individual-level poverty data, the paper looks at what can we learn in terms of gender differences by looking at the available individual and household level information. The estimates are based on the same surveys and welfare measures as official World Bank poverty estimates. The paper focuses on the relationship between age, sex and poverty. And finds that, girls and women of reproductive age are more likely to live in poor households (below the international poverty line) than boys and men. It finds that 122 women between the ages of 25 and 34 live in poor households for every 100 men of the same age group. The analysis also examines the household profiles of the poor, seeking to go beyond headship definitions.

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The Gender Pay Gap Can Affect Women’s Physical & Mental Health

Извор: WUNRN – 10.04.2018

The gender pay gap is very, very real. Women all over the world are paid less than men, and in the Staters, Equal Pay Day, on April 10, marks how long into 2018 women have to work, on average, to earn as much as their male counterparts did in 2017 — though, as the official Equal Pay Day website notes, that date differs greatly depending on your race. And while there are many hypotheses for why this pay gap exists, one thing is for sure: like other kinds of systemic discrimination, the gender pay gap can affect your health in some pretty surprising ways.

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The Legal Protection of Women From Violence - Normative Gaps in UN International Law +

Извор: WUNRN – 08.04.2018

Friday 6 April 2018, by siawi3

Source: Routledge, April 2018 - https://www.routledge.com/The-Legal-Protection-of-Women-From-Violence-Normative-Gaps-in-International/Manjoo-Jones/p/book/9781138737969

The Legal Protection of Women From Violence
Normative Gaps in International Law

Edited by Rashida Manjoo, University of Cape Town, South Africa and Jackie Jones, University of the West of England, UK

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Roma Women: Rising Above Discrimination + Roma Info

Извор: WUNRN – 08.04.2018

International Roma Day, 8 April 2018 

Roma people have a long history of living in Europe with a presence recorded from the 13th Century. They are now widely recognized as one of the EU’s largest minority groups with an estimate of more than 10 million Roma living in Europe. The term 'Roma', first chosen at the inaugural World Romani Congress held in London in 1971, is now widely accepted across the European Union (EU) as a generic and pragmatic term to describe a diverse range of communities, tribes and clans.

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WHO urges action on Europe’s biggest killers to reduce early deaths by a third

Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 16.04.2018

Press release 
Sitges, Spain, 16 April 2018

How can health systems in the WHO European Region save more people from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes, and help meet the global goal to reduce premature deaths from NCDs by 33% by 2030? Ministers of health and senior policy-makers are gathering in Sitges, on 16–18 April 2018, to address this question at the High-Level Regional Meeting: Health Systems Respond to NCDs. The stakes are high across the 53 Member States of the European Region, where the major NCDs account for almost 9 deaths in 10 and have a negative economic impact. It has been estimated that for every 10% increase in NCD mortality, economic growth is reduced by 0.5%.

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Guidance to promote breastfeeding in health facilities

Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 11.04.2018

11 April 2018 – Breastfeeding all babies for the first 2 years would save the lives of more than 820 000 children under age 5 annually.

WHO and UNICEF today issued new 10-step guidance to increase support for breastfeeding in health facilities that provide maternity and newborn services.

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WHO Europe/ECDC joint press release: 4% annual decrease too slow to end TB by 2030 – call for Europe’s commitment to increase investment to end TB

Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 19.03.2018

Copenhagen/Stockholm, 19 March 2018

A new report published today by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the WHO Regional Office for Europe indicates that the number of new tuberculosis (TB) patients has been decreasing at an average rate of 4.3% yearly in the last decade in the WHO European Region. Despite being the fastest decline in the world, this trend is insufficient to achieve the target of ending the TB epidemic by 2030, as envisioned in the End TB Strategy and the Sustainable Development Goals. The new report is released ahead of World Tuberculosis Day, which this year calls on global leaders to accelerate efforts to end TB once and for all.

“It is not enough to ‘walk’ towards ending TB, as this way we would arrive too late for too many people. We need to ‘leap forward’ and invest now for individual benefits and societal returns.

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Солта како ризик фактор по здравјето на населението

Извор: Институт за јавно здравје на Р. Македонија - 15.03.2018

Ново истражување во кое се гледаат големи и непотребни варијации на количината на сол во лебот.

Институтот за Јавно Здравје на Република Македонија повикува на акција за заштита на здравјето на населението.

  • Одделението за физиологија и мониторинг на исхрана при Институтот за јавно здравје на РМ учествуваше во глобално истражување за количината на сол во лебовите присутни на пазарот;

  • Во истражувањето се покажа дека глобално, над 50% од лебовите во истражувањето имаат повеќе од половина грам сол по порција;

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WHO issues new guidance on tobacco product regulation

Извор: Светска здравствена организација - 09.03.2018

WHO/P. Garwood

9 March 2018 – Many countries have developed advanced policies to reduce the demand for tobacco, which kills over 7 million people annually, but governments can do much more to implement regulations to control tobacco use, especially by exploiting tobacco product regulation. WHO has launched new guidance on the role tobacco product regulation can play to reduce tobacco demand, save lives and raise revenues for health services to treat tobacco-related disease, in the context of comprehensive tobacco control.

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